Spanish Journal of Rural Development

The Spanish Journal of Rural Development (SJRD) is a quarterly scientific journal published by the Galician Association of Researchers for Rural Development Asociación Gallega de Investigadores para el Desarrollo Rural (AGAIDERU).

Span. j. rural dev. is a multidisciplinary journal which publishes original research articles of practical application in the fields of forestry, agronomy, the environment, rural planning, international cooperation and socioeconomic issues. The overall focus is on the sustainable rural development of local populations, within identified Priority Lines

The journal also applies a policy of exchange with various scientific journals, at both national and international levels, and it is indexed in important scientific databases.

Journal

  • Introduction

    Editor SJRD

    La redacción de la actual introducción, correspondiente al Número Especial 2, volumen V (2014) de nuestra revista, “Spanish Journal of Rural Development”, me llena de un profundo sentimiento y, al mismo tiempo, de infinidad de recuerdos. Este número reúne los artículos presentados en el III Workshop “Investigación en Ingeniería para el Desarrollo Rural”, que se celebró en la Escuela Politécnica Superior de Lugo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (USC), el pasado 28 de mayo de 2014. Probablemente, sea el último Workshop de estas características que se celebre, simplemente porque su mentor, Prof. Dr. Carlos José Álvarez López, ya no se encuentra físicamente entre nosotros. No obstante, Carlos sigue muy presente en nuestras vidas. A pesar, del enorme vacío que nos ha dejado, nunca lo olvidaremos, como tampoco, perderemos sus sabios consejos, ingentes enseñanzas, altruistas apoyos, entusiastas labores, generosos servicios,…

    Es imposible, resumir en unas líneas toda la grandeza de Carlos, por ello, solo me resta concluir, como ya es tradicional, aunque en este caso, no será de una manera quijotesca, sino, con un refrán de Sancho Panza: “...sólo entiendo que en tanto que duermo, ni tengo temor, ni esperanza, ni trabajo, ni gloria; y bien haya el que inventó el sueño, capa que cubre todos los humanos pensamientos, manjar que quita el hambre, agua que ahuyenta la sed, fuego que calienta el frío, frío que templa el ardor y, finalmente, moneda general con que todas las cosas se compran, balanza y peso que iguala al pastor con el rey y al simple con el discreto...” (“El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha” de Don Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra). Ánimo Pilar, Dolores y Carlos, “Spanish Journal of Rural Development”, sigue y seguirá, fraguando su futuro.

    In memoriam Carlos Álvarez

  • Prologue

    Dra. Marta Cardín Pedrosa

    El presente volumen especial de Spanish Journal of Rural Development reúne ocho artículos presentados en el III Workshop “Investigación en Ingeniería para el Desarrollo Rural” que se celebró en la Escuela Politécnica Superior de Lugo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (USC), el 28 de mayo de 2014. Este Workshop, se organizó como un evento para el encuentro entre doctorandos, investigadores y profesorado, y también como una oportunidad para dar a conocer la investigación que se está llevando a cabo en algunos grupos de investigación de nuestra universidad, en concreto, en los grupos GI-1716: Proyectos y Planificación (ProePla) y GI-1720: Energía, Mecanización y Modelización Agroforestal (EnerMecaModel).

    Su publicación ha sido financiada íntegramente por el grupo de investigación GI-1716, dado que la divulgación científica es uno de los pilares fundamentales de su actividad.

    Quiero aprovechar esta ocasión, para destacar y agradecer, la labor del coordinador del mencionado Grupo, Dr. Carlos José Álvarez López, recientemente fallecido.

    Carlos Álvarez creó y dirigió exitosamente nuestro grupo de investigación, pues Proepla es Grupo de Referencia Competitiva reconocida por la Xunta de Galicia, y ha conseguido, a lo largo de su trayectoria, proyectos y contratos por valor de más de 1,5M€. Además fue director durante ocho años del Departamento de Ingeniería Agroforestal de la USC, una etapa en la que se duplicó el número de profesores y se implantó el primer programa de doctorado del departamento. También puso en marcha, desde el principio y hasta la actualidad, los diferentes programas de doctorado y máster de investigación, reconocidos sucesivamente con la Mención de Calidad del Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia.

    Su gran capacidad de trabajo y gestión, permitirán que su legado permanezca en nuestra labor diaria, así como en los frutos y avances logrados como resultado de su aportación y orientación investigadora, tanto estratégica como operativa, hacia la consecución de resultados reales, aplicables al desarrollo sostenible del territorio.

    Hasta siempre a un amigo, referente, compañero y mentor.

    In memoriam Carlos Álvarez

  • Methodological application of public participation in strategic planning. A review

    Calvo-González, A., Marey-Pérez, M.F.


    Public participation in decision making related to strategic planning is essential to understand and solve problems in society. In this sense, the participation of society has become a necessity for organizations, both public and private, in order to improve the quality of strategic decisions. This review is a thorough analysis of the scientific work carried out to date in terms of the implementation of public participation in the process of strategic planning and its use in different sectorial contexts ago. The most commonly used methods show a wide range of options before choosing the most appropriate methodology applied in the process. Finally, this paper discusses the need for further progress in the investigation of public participation methodologies to profile the most suitable model to participatory planning context in which to develop.

     

  • Technical and economic study of the income of beef farms in the north of the province of Lugo

    Escudero, C., Álvarez, C.J., Caamaño, S., Irimia, S.

    Spanish beef sector is the third in economic importance in our country behind the pig and dairy productions, in 2012. This represents 15.6% of the final livestock production. Galicia ranks third in beef production with 14% of the total produced in Spain. Beef farms are an important economic activity in Galicia, with great social and cultural significance. The national and international socio-economic situation has intensified changes in beef cattle farms, these adaptations began previously motivated by situations that conditioned the evolution of livestock sectors. But the industry has turned its efforts to adapt to the new environment, to face new problems and incorporating new technologies, structural improvements and productive to hold at the top from the point of view of competitiveness and efficiency. This context marks the beginning of this Research Study .I will try to get a value of efficiency to characterize the farms for the beef sector in Coast Lugo, of a representative sample of 50 farms. It will also analyze the income of farms, quantifying the benefit and observing the evolutionary trend from 2009 to 2012.

  • Characterization of the power consumption in Galician dairy farms

    Irimia, S., Álvarez, C.J., Escudero, C.

    In order to characterize the power consumption of the holdings of Galician dairy farm, we have proceeded to a survey of 150 farms in Galicia (NW Spain), which were compiled data on existing equipment, machinery and time use thereof. Also data concerning the type of energy used and the electric bill. The electric power is distributed primarily in lighting, milking system, refrigeration equipment and ventilation systems and automated cleaning systems. Spending of gas, butane and propane fuel is intended for heating water for cleaning milking facilities. The liquid fuel, diesel is mostly used by the machinery. This paper is to characterize the power consumption of the farm, by the following ratios (Kw hr / year), farm (Kw hr / cow) and average production per cow (Kw hr / kg milk), thus characterizing the energy consumption of holdings with ratios. The advantage of applying these ratios, you generate energy efficiency values comparable with previous studies, allowing us to compare different countries around us.

  • Sustainability indicators: Utilities for rural development

    Cardín, M.

    Sustainable Development is a basic objective in all European Union (EU) policies, as well as Territorial Cohesion, and, as an essential tool to achieve it, Rural Development. Regarding this, in 2001 the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (later renewed in 2006) was passed by the European Council. Its key challenges were environmental protection, cohesion and equity, economic prosperity and active promotion of sustainable development worldwide. But to make development sustainability an operative concept, so that it can be used to set political decisions and well-oriented socio-economical practices, it is necessary to use information based fundamentally on sustainability indicators, which can tell if we are moving towards the desired objective, and in which condition. Nowadays, Indicator Systems are the most operative and flexible way of studying complex situations, such as activity sustainability and/or the degree of development of some geographic areas.

  • Structural analysis of Spain’s cereal production sector using PCA

    Riveiro, J.A., Marey-Perez, M.F., Alvarez, C.J.

    The climatic conditions and geographical constraints in Spain have led to the development of a highly heterogeneous agricultural sector. Hence the need for a classification of farms into different farm types that allows for the development of solutions that are specific to each group. Many techniques can be used to perform such a classification, but only a few techniques use agricultural census data. This paper presents a methodology based on the combined use of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and a Combinatorial Method to classify farms into farm groups at a national level according to their location and production system. The results presented in this paper correspond to the population of farms that produce cereals in Spain, according to agricultural census data.

  • Design and implementation of a methodology of management effectiveness through a participatory approach in protected areas Viñales and Guanahacabibes National Park. Pinar del Río. Cuba.

    Martínez, Y., Díaz-Maroto, I.J., Mujica, E., Corvea, J.L., Castro, A.M., Márquez, L.

    Since the creation of the first national park in 1872, in the United States, was conceived the no presence of people in these protected areas, extending this model worldwide, according to (Mc Neely et al., 1994) definition of National Park provided that these must be relatively large areas without material alteration of the operation or occupancy by humans. The participation of local communities and in the planning of protected areas actors as well as the handling and management of existing natural and cultural resources, currently has a fundamental importance, today is very complex to achieve the objectives of conservation without the participation of scientific institutions, local communities and stakeholders that are part of these or get involved in the handling and management of each protected area. In this paper we developed and applied a methodology of management effectiveness through a participatory approach in two protected areas of the National System of Protected Areas of Cuba (SNAP), identifying new criteria, indicators and variables, which were absent in the current methodology applied for (SNAP), with the aim of each protected space can make an assessment of the effectiveness of management by its characteristics, targets and management programs identified in the management plan.

  • Comparison of the dynamic of natural regeneration in stands of Quercus robur  L. in Galicia: Degree of the opening canopy.

    Ramón-Pumar, M., Vizoso-Arribe, O., Vila-Lameiro, P., Díaz-Maroto, I.J.

    In this work, the natural regeneration and the production of acorns have studied by different opening degrees of the canopy in four stands of Quercus robur L. in Galicia locate in the Natural Park “Fragas do Eume” in A Coruña, “Fraga das Saímas” and “Robledal de San Fitoiro” in Lugo, and “Robledal de Taboadelo” in Pontevedra. When the stands were stratified by open degrees of canopy (closed canopy, semi-closed canopy and open canopy) has studied the relationship of the number of seedlings and their height according to the different open degrees of canopy, through the redesign of transects regenerated in each stand. Also, in this case, it has quantified the production of acorns in the closed and semi-closed canopy zones. Nothing that in all the sampling points, only it was detected the presence of seedlings of the natural age class of spread. The absence natural class trunks successive maybe indicative that the process of persistence of the stand is not achieved with the due guarantees.

  • Suitability of wood of “carballo” (Quercus robur L.) to obtain staves used in the manufacturing of cbarrels for aging wine and / or spirits.

    Díaz-Maroto, I.J., Vila-Lameiro, P., Vizoso-Arribe, O.

    It has made an inventory of the stands of the most abundant species of genus Quercus, in general, in the northwest of Iberian Peninsula, and particularly, in Galicia (Quercus robur L.). Subsequently, we have calculated the essential parameters of the wood, using samples of different trees which have been felled within the inventoried stands, which will assess the suitability of oak wood for the manufacture of barrels, allowing even propose in advance, the need or not, to carry out, the relevant silvicultural treatments to achieve our goal. The studied specie has an average grain, with similar values to oaks of the French region of Vosgos. Regarding to the infra-density, emphasize that their mean values are slightly higher than those obtained in Northern Portugal and, finally, in relation with the porosity, it has less than French oaks used in cooperage.