Spanish Journal of Rural Development

The Spanish Journal of Rural Development (SJRD) is a quarterly scientific journal published by the Galician Association of Researchers for Rural Development Asociación Gallega de Investigadores para el Desarrollo Rural (AGAIDERU).

Span. j. rural dev. is a multidisciplinary journal which publishes original research articles of practical application in the fields of forestry, agronomy, the environment, rural planning, international cooperation and socioeconomic issues. The overall focus is on the sustainable rural development of local populations, within identified Priority Lines

The journal also applies a policy of exchange with various scientific journals, at both national and international levels, and it is indexed in important scientific databases.

Journal

  • Introduction

    Editor SJRD

    With this issue of "Spanish Journal of Rural Development (SJRD)" we inaugurate the volume V, 2014 of our journal. Perhaps our readers be surprised that I use the word "inaugurate", but if you consult the dictionary of the Spanish language published by the Royal Spanish Academy, one of its meanings is "to start a thing with a certain solemnity". Obviously, SJRD began publishing in 2009, but being able to "inaugurate" with this number the volume V, I think honestly, it deserves at least a certain solemnity, not without its corresponding modesty.

    Therefore, at this moment, I just wish to give encouragement to Carlos and his family; time will have to talk about other matters. "Spanish Journal of Rural Development", continues and will continue, forging its future. "The true and genuine friendship cannot and should not be in any way suspicious" ("The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra).
     

  • Prologue

    Francisco Andrés Carabelli

    Rurality, development and territory

    "With the principle of complexity it´s intended to overcome knowledge in separate worlds from "classical science", [where]... neither human sciences are aware of the physical and biological character of human phenomena, nor nature sciences have consciousness of its enrollment in a culture, a society, a story, or the hidden principles guiding its buildings"1

    This citation of Edgar Morin is not casual. Rural area requires a comprehensive and integrative vision, multidisciplinary and essentially well prepared to interact with the natural and human environment in which social, productive, cultural and political modes are intertwined in many ways and the emerging pattern is certainly complex and frequently hard to translate. In rural areas there are realities that have been built over many decades and even centuries, coexisting with more recent ones, forming a vibrant and conflicted, dynamic and contrasting mosaic of diversity.

    Complexity is surely present in the concept of development, which, in the words of Joseph Stiglitz2"... requires a change of mindsets and particularly, an acceptance (...) of change." On this acceptance of change collective community characteristics play a key role, implying that the identity of each territory becomes the support of its productive development.

    In such a context, the notion of empowerment is based on the construction and consolidation of a participatory rural space able to legitimize itself, mainly against the urban, in terms of the real status essentially in a development process at a human-scalein3 a medium-term -taking into account the satisfaction of human needs and the generation of increasing levels of self-dependence-.

    The challenge is to find and articulate the ways of making concrete and feasible the above mentioned vision of integrality and that of new rurality, both of them being able to demonstrate that in the building of territories the urban could not exist without the rural and reciprocally.

    Territorial planning represents in this context a tool to facilitate real economic interconnection of social, cultural, and political relationships deeply linked as a network operating in organic and organized ways. Rurality is both a condition and a characteristic associated to territories in which its construction on a historical and a social base supports an extended process of forming societies and territorial processes.

    So considered, despite the marginal consideration being granted mostly in Latin America, especially from an economic point of view, the rural plays a major role as a founding element, at a same time integrating and organizing territories, although we are still far away in attempting to subsume the urban into a more general and more fair developmental model.

    1Morin E. 1982. Ciencia con conciencia. Ed. Anthropos, Barcelona.
    2Stiglitz, J. E. 1999. Participation and Development: Perspectives from the Comprehensive Development Paradigm. International Conference on Democracy, Market Economy and Development. Seul, South Corea.
    3Max-Neef M., A. Elizalde, M. Hopenhayn. 1986. Desarrollo a escala humana. Una opción para el futuro. Development Dialogue (Número Especial). CEPAUR. Fundación Dag-Hammarksjöld.

     

  • Cooperative and local development: a systematic analysis of experiences in dairy cooperatives

    Cotte, A., Zambrano, Y.

    From the reconstruction of the experience of actors linked to the cooperative dairy, this paper seeks to highlight the contribution of cooperatives to rural development through a participatory exercise, reflection and learning together. It is a qualitative research descriptive which relies on the application of semi -structured interviews conducted with some partners and youth belonging to the cooperative dairy Guatavita -COLEGA, workshops in groups and interviews indirect actors related experience the cooperative located in the town of Guatavita, Colombia. The focus of the analysis is the identification of lessons learned during the experience, aimed at contributing to the sustainability of it and as a reference for other cooperatives. Among the success factors found, highlight the unity and trust between members and the cooperative aspect to strengthen as the need to ensure the continuity of the activities being carried out by management. Contributions in terms of human development and quality of life in the community are highlighted, taking into account aspects such as linking youth and evidence is based on a solid foundation of building trust and transparent administration in the social fabric created from problem solving and collective interests that responds to welfare, social inclusion and rural development.

  • Biomass of short-rotation woody crops for sustainable energy production: opportunities and challenges

    Durán, V.H., Rodríguez, C.R., Francia, J.R., Sayadi, S., Jiménez, J.A., Perea, F.

    This paper focuses mainly on analyzing the biomass in the framework of the European Union and Spain, particularly regarding to shortrotation woody crops. For that firstly is presented a review of the environmental implications and socio-economic impacts of these crops. Currently the biomass is the most used renewable resource, both in terms of primary energy and in terms of final energy, and energy sources with the greatest growth potential in the coming decades. However, Spain is at a disadvantage situation in this development, which contrasts strongly with the existence of abundant primary resources. The current situation and the reasons behind this retail development are discussed in this work. It also sets out the opportunities for the development of short-rotation woody crops (SRWC), on the basis that it is a proven fact that conventional energy sources are limited and cause significant environmental degradation. High consumption of energy from fossil fuels, the oil crisis, and global environmental problems such as climate change, demands the need for research, development and exploitation of alternative energy sources. For achieving this, the support of the social, political and governmental nature shall be clearly decisive.

  • Farmers’ awareness and perception of agricultural insurance in Oyo State, Nigeria

    Lawal, B.O., Ajayi, A.O.

    The broad objective of the study is to investigate farmers’ awareness and perception of agricultural insurance in Oyo State, Nigeria. A structured interview schedule was used to obtain information from 160 crop and livestock farmers selected from four Local Government Areas of Oyo State, using a two stage sampling method. The results show that farmers had low awareness of the agricultural insurance scheme, hence, only few of the respondents insured their farms. Farmers also had unfavorable perception of agricultural insurance. Major obstacles associated with the insurance scheme include low level of education of farmers, lack of adequate awareness and communication gap between appropriate stakeholders. Farm size and years of schooling had positive and significant relationship with farmers’ perception of agricultural insurance. Also, positive and significant association was found between farmers’ awareness and perception of agricultural insurance. The study recommended more awareness of agricultural insurance among farmers, changing of farmers’ mind sets regarding agricultural insurance, and adoption of diversification strategy by agricultural insurance agencies.

  • Endogeneity and new institutional frameworks for the rural development. The case of Agents of Animal Production in Santa Victoria Oeste (Argentina)

    Paz, R., Jara, C.E.

    Thinking about alternatives for rural development involves the recognition of several productive rationalities, which have community and environmental dimensions as a horizon. In this paper, we address the role of local resources and their local control. We also investigate the construction of new institutional arrangements on development objectives and the tensions caused by different strategies. This reflection was based on the analysis about the implementation of the Animal Health Program in Santa Victoria West (Northwest Argentina). This program was initiated, in early 1990, by the Catholic Church, but then it received support from other institutions. The design of rural extension was executed by producers belonging to the same community, who assumed the role of development promoters in livestock production. The analysis was made with interviews in order to infer some lessons for family farming policies.

  • Co-operation and rural territorial development in Cameroon: Analysing some mutations in the Far North Region

    Mbanga, L.A., Takem, B.M.M.

    Rural territorial development in Cameroon remains a joint effort of both the state and cooperation institutions. State policies since independence involve not only direct investment through the public investment budget but also through projects financed in co-operation with international institutions. This study analysis the mutations in rural territories of the Far North Region, the result of development project activities financed under the Cameroon-European Union cooperation. A review of existing published and unpublished documents on co-operation institutional activities completed by field survey in the Far North Region of Cameroon provided the needed secondary and primary data for this study. The result shows an array of cooperation activities institutions operating in this region with the Cameroon-European Union co-operation having the highest number of projects. Through varied policies and strategies based on the participation of the beneficiaries from problem identification, project conception through implementation and monitoring, rural territories in this region are in full mutation with the putting in place of water and electricity supplies, classrooms, bridges, health centres, community barns, etc. Nevertheless, there is a problem of sustainability as upon completion there is little or no follow up of projects for maintenance.

  • Methodology for the evaluation of power generation projects in isolated rural communities

    Inostroza, J., Boza, S., Hernández, R.

    The local electrical generating systems are a possible solution for electrification in isolated rural areas. These systems allow involving communities in the management of energy production. They also may generate significant impacts on daily live, and over local development, of the population. According to this context, the objective of this research is to develop a methodological proposal for socio-economic evaluation of local electrical generation systems in rural communities. For this, after a literature review, we selected a group of variables and indicators which were applied using a questionnaire in the town of Huatacondo, Tarapacá Region, Chile, which participates in the project “Sustainable Electrification Condor”. The final result was the proposal of an assessment methodology by the combination of elements of quantitative and qualitative analysis, which can be adapted to different case studies.

  • Sustainability of organic agriculture: Theoretical and experimental discussion of a peri-urban case

    Olarte, S.

    Migratory movements mainly due to violence, economic crises and increased mining, coupled with the lack of interest of the state to promote new alternatives for agricultural production have led much of the Andean people of Peru to abandon the countryside. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the sustainability of organic production in peri-urban case considering its three pillars: environmental, social and economic. For the environmental pillar literature is discussed and analyzed in the social valuation method used cross between family leisure and labour organic production, considering that earnings expectations are maintained, and for the economic evaluation profitability indicators: NPV (net present value), IRR (internal rate of return) and ratio B/C (benefit/cost), including the evaluation of the social impact value. The results showed a high level of sustainability, as environmental, social and economic were positive, which is determined the inclusion of the social impact. These results show the need to include in the economic evaluation to strengthen the social value organic production and sustainable development alternative.